First, you need to open up your laptop in order to change the drive. I will come back on this pictures in another article later...
Then, you need to make sure that the OCZ partitions are aligned properly (that is before you install the Ubuntu/Kubuntu). Before you start, make sure that you have backed up all the partition (i.e., use rsync -ax / /mnt/USB) and then, in a console/shell with fdisk:
fdisk -H 32 -S 32 /dev/sda
And of course, the creation of the partition (use :
Command (m for help): o Command (m for help): n Command action e extended p primary partition (1-4) p Partition number (1-4): 1 First cylinder (1-15711, default 1): 2Be sure to start from cylinder 2 (to have it aligned) as discussed also in some forums.
Another good tip is to create the filesystem with the extended options for the RAID strip of 64k. Here is the command for it (assuming that you have the sda1 as the partiotion):
mkfs.ext4 -E stripe-width=128 /dev/sda1
Since the SSD is fast enough, you can also tweak the /etc/fstab for better through output and make the logs go to memory (volatile):
/dev/sda1 / ext4 noload,noatime,nodiratime,data=writeback,nobh,commit=100,barrier=0 0 1 tmpfs /tmp tmpfs defaults,noatime,mode=1777 0 0 none /var/tmp aufs noatime,br:/tmp=rw:/var/tmp=ro 0 0 none /var/log aufs noatime,br:/tmp=rw:/var/log=ro 0 0 none /var/cache aufs noatime,br:/tmp=rw:/var/cache=ro 0 0Though, make sure that every now and then, you rebuild the cache...
Other optimizations for boot time can be committed via /etc/default/grub (to run update-grub after) to speed up also the kernel loading, with some nice tweaks:
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash=silent resume=/dev/sda2 fastboot elevator=deadline raid=noautodetect rootflags=noload,data=writeback,nobh,commit=100,barrier=0"You will need to update the grub via update-grub command...
Add swappiness to fix some default behavior, and switch back now from noop to deadline that is more cpu/write friendly-with fifo_batch option for io scheduller:
cat << EOF| sudo tee -a /etc/sysctl.conf # Peter added swapiness... vm.swappiness = 0 vm.laptop_mode = 5 vm.dirty_writeback_centisecs = 1500 vm.vfs_cache_pressure = 50 EOF
And last, we need some optimizations after booting:
cat << EOF| sudo tee /etc/init/ssd-optimizations.conf # ssd-optimizations - Set the parameters description "Set required ssd parameters" start on starting dm script # echo deadline > /sys/block/sda/queue/scheduler echo 1 > /sys/block/sda/queue/iosched/fifo_batch echo min_power > /sys/class/scsi_host/host0/link_power_management_policy end script EOF
Well, believe it or not, but with these settings, I got X starting at sec. 2, so, it is pretty fast (no initrd!)...
Some good links: